HIPAA - Health Insurance Portability & Accountability
Act of 1996
According to the Centers for Medicare
and Medicaid Services' (CMS) website:
Title I of HIPAA protects health insurance coverage
for workers and their families when they change or
lose their jobs.
Title II of HIPAA, the Administrative
Simplification (AS) provisions, requires the establishment
of national standards for electronic health care transactions
and national identifiers for providers, health insurance
plans, and employers.
The AS provisions also address the
security and privacy of health data. The standards
are meant to improve the efficiency and effectiveness
of the nation's health care system by encouraging
the widespread use of electronic data interchange
in the US health care system.